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We’ve all heard of fungus and know that it grows in tight, hot conditions. But did you realize that one of the perfect breeding grounds might be something you put on your body on a regular basis?


Socks are one of the best breeding grounds for fungus. When you’re exercising or moving around a lot, especially in hot conditions the feet can get hot, damp, and sweaty without being insulated. Your feet are stuck in your socks or shoes all day and aren’t being aired out, which can cause problems. 


Are you wondering whether or not you have fungus, or how you can prevent it? You can find the answers to these questions below.

Why Does Fungus Grow in Socks?

The reason why socks are a good breeding ground for fungus is because the feet are often wet or damp, especially when they’re suffocated in socks or shoes all day. Not only can this cause odour and discomfort but these conditions create a breeding ground for fungus and bacteria to grow, which can lead to infections such as Athlete’s Foot or Onychomycosis.

Signs and Symptoms

There are a few symptoms that you have a fungal infection on your feet or toenails:


  • Yellow, cracked or thick toenails
  • Pain when wearing shoes
  • Itching, burning or stinging sensations on the feet or between the toenails
  • Dry, peeling skin on the feet
  • Rash on the feet
  • Strong odour 
  • Discolouration of the feet or toenails


Fungal infections are highly contagious and can easily spread from your feet to your hands or other areas of the body. Some people may have allergic reactions to fungus. It’s also important to treat fungal infections as they can spread and lead to cellulitis, a condition where the infection spreads to the bloodstream and lymph nodes. If untreated, the condition can potentially become life-threatening. 

How to Prevent Fungus from Growing

There are measures you can take to prevent fungus from growing in your socks and stay healthy. These include:

Regularly Washing your Feet

It’s important to practice good hygiene and wash your feet every day, especially if you’ve been exercising or physically active throughout the day. Wash your feet with soap and water, and scrub the bottom of the feet, the top, and in between your toes. Make sure you dry your feet afterward, so moisture doesn’t build up once you put on your socks.

Wearing Clean Socks

While laundry can seem like a hassle sometimes and make you want to re-wear your socks, it’s important to change them regularly and make sure you put on a fresh, clean pair every day. If you don’t, sweat and moisture can build up and create the perfect breeding ground for fungus to grow.

Choosing Breathable Fabrics

Rather than picking out socks solely based on price or aesthetics, choose high-quality, antifungal material. This is especially important if you’re athletic or physically active so your feet can stay drier and cooler for longer periods of time. Some of the best, most breathable fabrics for socks are synthetic fibers such as CoolMax, Teflon, and Acrylic. Stay away from cotton, as once this material gets wet it tends to stay wet.

Avoid Walking Barefoot in Public Areas

Walking barefoot in public washrooms, gyms and swimming pools can increase your chances of infection. Fungus is contagious and by walking barefoot you can develop an infection, which can then spread to and contaminate your socks as you put them on. Make sure you wear sandals or slippers to help prevent infection.

Dealing with Fungal Infections

Treatment for fungal infections can be complex, depending on the severity of your infection. Treatment may include over-the-counter or prescription creams, medications, specific at-home remedies or alternative forms of treatment. 


It’s important to speak to a doctor who will diagnose your condition and recommend a suitable course of treatment for you. Come book an appointment with Sheldon H. Nadal D.P.M at Bayview Medical Centre, a friendly and highly experienced Podiatrist will help you find the right solution.


Well known Toronto basketball player Sheldon Nadal, who practices podiatric medicine in his spare time, is threatening to throw his hat in the free agency ring if Kawhi Leonard does not re-sign with the Toronto Raptors by midnight Sunday night.

Nadal, who already offered Kawhi free foot care, is a perennial all-star in the Scarborough Men's Masters Basketball League (AKA The S. Double M.B.L.). He is willing to replace Kawhi on the road to a repeat Raptors NBA championship.

Nadal, known as "Cash Money" to his teammates for his uncanny ability to hit the Jimmie from the elbow, plays for the love of the game, not financial reward. Consequently, he is willing to play for one tenth of the $190 Million that Kawhi has been offered to play in Toronto. "Tell Mr Tannenbaum he can use the savings to reduce ticket prices" says the podiatrist.

When asked how he and the Raptors would match up with a Lakers team featuring Lebron James, Anthony Davis and Kawhi Leonard, he responded "That could be a problem. I can only cover one of them at a time, especially if they spread the floor. I may have to bring in my friends Hartley and Demo from the S. Double M.B.L. Together we have over 150 years of basketball know-how. We will take advantage of their youth and inexperience. We will dominate for years".

When Nadal's relative, a well known Toronto Hip-Hop star, heard about the promise, he said "I hope cousin Shel lets me ride with him and his sons in his convertible at next year's parade".

Nadal is currently rehabbing his sore heel (plantar fasciitis) and an arthritic hip, but with load management, he should be ready for training camp in the fall.



A broken toe can be a major hassle that limits your mobility and freedom to live your way of life. But it is also something that can be easily overlooked as most people don’t even realise that their toe has been broken.

What Causes a Broken Toe?

Toes have 26 small bones and any one of them can get broken due to a number of different circumstances. Some common causes of broken toes are stubbing your toe against an object, or dropping something on it. 

Physical activity, such as playing sports, can also result in broken toes, but other repetitive activities that do not require too much exertion can produce a stress or hairline fracture in the toe which eventually develops into a break. Additionally, people with brittle bones, due to osteoporosis, can develop breaks from mild activities or from wearing footwear that exerts too much pressure on a concentrated area.

What Symptoms Should You Look For?

A broken toe may be overlooked if you don’t pay attention to it. However, there are signs that the toe has suffered damage, or is indeed broken. If you feel pain in your toes, you should look for signs of swelling or bruising, or any kind of discolouration, as that may be a sign the toe is broken, and not just bruised. 

A more obvious symptom of a broken toe is if the toe has become deformed or unnaturally bent. This would not be possible unless the toe was broken. 

Should You See a Podiatrist?

The moment you suspect that your toe is broken, you should immediately make an appointment to see your podiatrist. They will know how to check your injury and, following an evaluation, will recommend an X-ray that will give a clear idea of the state of the bones in the toe.

If kept unchecked, a broken toe can become a more serious problem. The toe can become permanently deformed from not being treated immediately and the patient could develop chronic pain.

The broken toe can lead to a blood clot, known as a hematoma. If the clot forms under the toenail, it can become infected and might need draining. If this is ignored, it could lead to severe infection and loss of the toe.

Another consequence of not treating a broken toe is that it can heal incorrectly, damaging the foot even further and causing a malformation in the way the toe sets. The only way to rectify such a malformation would be surgery.

What Treatment Does A Mildly Broken Toe Need?

Once you have been diagnosed with a broken toe, you should immediately rest it. If the injury is minor, like with most other foot injuries, the foot will require rest and elevation, as this is the best course of action to ensure that the foot heals faster. You should also try and stay off the foot as much as possible. Use crutches if necessary, so that the weight of the body stays off the foot while it heals.

Ice may be required to reduce the pain and swelling toe heal. You should apply ice for 15-20 minutes at a time but never directly on the skin. Use an ice pack wrapped in a towel or crushed ice in a bag. It is better to use smaller pieces of ice or icy objects as they will mould themselves to the toe better.

Treatment for Severely Broken Toes

When there is a severe break in the toe, the podiatrist may prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory medication to speed up the healing process. The foot may o need to be placed in a cast. 

Most likely, the doctor will recommend the patient get themselves a particular kind of shoe that will protect the toe from further harm and allow the patient some amount of mobility.


If you require medical attention for a suspected broken toe, don’t hesitate to get in touch with the podiatrist,  Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M., at Bayview Medical Centre.

If you have any questions about the kinds of stretches you can do for your feet, don’t hesitate to get in touch with the Podiatrist, Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M. at Bayview Medical Centre.


Whether you are actively on your feet throughout the day, or you have a job where you sit for long periods of time, your feet need to be exercised to ensure against injury or atrophy. There are a few simple stretching exercises that you can undertake every day so that your feet stay nimble and in good health. The great thing about these stretches is that you don’t have to go to the gym, or invest in different equipment, to do them. You can easily do these stretches from the comfort of your couch or your office chair with items available in your home.

Toe raise, point, and curl

This is a classic exercise, recommended by most podiatrists, and can easily be executed while sitting in a chair. The exercise requires you to sit up straight in your chair with your feet planted firmly on a flat surface. Raise your heels up slowly while keeping your toes on the ground, and hold the position for five seconds, then lower your heels back down. The exercise has a second stage where you raise the heels up again but this time, only your big and second toe must remain on the ground. Hold again for five seconds before lowering. In the final stage, when you raise your heels, you have to curl your toes inward. This position should also be held for 5 seconds. Continue these steps 10-15 times to increase foot flexibility.

Big Toe Stretch

For those suffering from pain in the toes, this exercise may help in pain relief. While sitting upright in a chair with your feet planted firmly on an even surface, bring one foot to rest on the other thigh. Use your fingers to stretch only the big toe, up, down, and to the sides, for five seconds, before moving on to the next foot. This exercise should also be repeated 10-15 times for maximum pain relief. Discontinue if pain increases.

Toe Stretch

Place your feet on the ground, splay your toes apart and hold the position for five seconds. Do not splay the toes to the point of straining - only until comfortable. Repeat the exercise 10-15 times to help build up the strength of the toes.

Step Stretch

This standing exercise may help those suffering from plantar fasciitis. Stand on the tips of your toes till your heels are off the ground and then lower your heels down for a count of 15 seconds, without touching the floor, before lifting them up. This may be difficult to accomplish with both feet at the same time, in which case, focus on one foot at a time, and repeat the exercise for 10-15 counts per foot. Remember not to strain the foot and, if you feel pain, you should stop and continue the exercise later.

Foot Roll

The roll is another exercise usually recommended for anyone with plantar fasciitis. This involves placing an object under the foot—either a golf ball, a frozen can, or a filled bottle—and moving the foot repeatedly over the object. The object should remain between the heel and the arch, not any further. To achieve the best results, this exercise should be done the moment one wakes up in the morning.

Achilles Stretch

The Achilles tendon connects the heel to the calves and can become strained due to overexertion, leading to strong spasms of pain. To stretch the Achilles' muscle, stand facing a wall and place your palms against the wall firmly. Your arms should be straight out in front of you, not bent. Pull one foot back while keeping that knee straight—this is the foot that you will be balancing against. The other leg will remain close to the wall. Bend the knee and stretch your hips towards the wall until you feel the pull in your calf and leg. Do not overstrain. Do the same for the other leg and repeat the exercise ten times.

Towel Stretch

You will need a towel for this exercise. Sit on the floor and place the towel on around your toes, pulling it towards you and hold for up to 30 seconds. Repeat 10-15 times.

If you have any questions about the kinds of stretches you can do for your feet, don’t hesitate to get in touch with the pediatric expert, Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M. at Bayview Medical Centre.

Various Toronto establishments have offered Toronto Raptors’ Kawhi Leonard everything from free dining in restaurants to a high-end condominium if he stays in Toronto.

Toronto podiatrist, Sheldon Nadal DPM, has taken things one step further. He is offering Kawhi Leonard free footcare as long as he plays for the Raptors.

“What good is free food and a fancy apartment if your feet are hurting?” asks Nadal, who, not only is a foot specialist but also a basketball player in the prestigious Scarborough Masters Men’s Basketball League. He is considered by many in the league to be a shorter, slower version of Kawhi Leonard.

Nadal, who is called “Cash” by his teammates because his step-back Jimmy is like money in the bank, is past president of the Academy of Minimally Invasive Foot and Ankle Surgery. He instructs surgeons on minimally invasive bunion surgery at the Academy’s semi-annual scientific meetings in New Orleans.

When asked why he is making such a generous offer, the podiatrist responded that “I have been a season ticket holder of the Raptors since day one and this is the most excitement we’ve ever had. I want to do my part to keep it going.”

So far, Kawhi has not commented on the offer but if he ever gets plantar fasciitis he will be glad he stayed in Toronto. 

#KawhiLeonard #Footcare #Raptors #Klaw #KawhiandDine



Nadal about to execute a vicious dunk over a confused teammate

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