A Brief Overview of Neuroma

 

Feet are an incredibly important part of the body. They enable us to walk and move, and when they hurt, it’s hard to get around. There are a variety of different ailments that can impact feet, and one of them is a neuroma.

While this condition can happen to either men or women, it is more commonly found in women. A neuroma is a benign growth on nerve tissues, usually between the third and fourth toes, that causes pain, tingling, numbness, or a burning sensation in the ball of the foot or between the toes. Sometimes, it is referred to as a pinched nerve.

Causes

The exact cause of a neuroma is unknown, but there are several factors that may contribute to its development. These include flat feet or high-arched feet, which contribute to instability around the toe joints. Shoes that squeeze toes together or put pressure on the front part of the foot, such as heels taller than 2 inches, can lead to the development of a neuroma. An accident or trauma to this part of the foot that causes nerve damage can also result in a neuroma. Repeated stress may also lead to the formation of a neuroma.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Determining whether or not a neuroma has developed is best left to a podiatrist. However, it’s possible to find some relief in a variety of other ways until you have a confirmed diagnosis. These include the following:

  • Make sure shoes have room for toes to move so that they aren’t  squeezed together
  • Avoid shoes with heels that are over 2 inches tall since this puts pressure on the front part of the foot
  • Use a toe insert for added cushioning or make sure the soles of shoes are thick and cushioned to reduce pressure on the foot
  • Rest and massage the foot, and use an ice pack, to help alleviate some of the pain from a neuroma

If these measures don’t relieve the symptoms associated with a neuroma, there are some other methods that can be tried. These include the following:

  • Use tape or padding to relieve pressure on the front part of the foot
  • Take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and discomfort
  • Wear custom orthotics to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with this ailment

If none of these treatments work and a neuroma continues to make life miserable, it may require surgical intervention. Talk to a podiatrist as Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M, to determine the best course of treatment.