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Regardless of their age, gender or occupation, people should always aim to stay on top of their podiatric health. By doing so, they can prevent a number of issues, such as ingrown toenails. This issue can be extremely uncomfortable, and if they aren’t treated efficiently and properly, they can potentially lead to an infection.


With this in mind, it is easy to see why people should take the time to learn about the causes of ingrown toenails. By doing this, people can minimize the chances of it happening to them and the people around them.


1. Poor Choice of Footwear

A person’s choice of footwear can have a huge impact on their overall podiatric health. If a person wears overly tight or narrow shoes on a regular basis, it can cause them to form an ingrown toenail.


This is because the tightness of the shoes will put a large amount of pressure on the person’s toes. If the toes are under an abnormal amount of pressure, it will make it easier for the nail to grow incorrectly.

2. Minor Foot Injury

Although it may seem unlikely, a minor foot injury can also cause an ingrown toenail. Examples of these injuries include stubbing, jamming, or bumping the toe. If the toe is hit with enough force, it can bend the nail, cause it to grow in an abnormal way.

3. Genetics

Many people are predisposed to a number of different things like baldness, diseases, and more. These issues are in a person’s genetics and usually can't be avoided. Although it isn’t well known, ingrown toenails may be related to genetics. If a person’s parents, grandparents, or any other of their other relatives have suffered from chronic ingrown toenails, the person may be prone to getting them.


There are a number of different things that can cause ingrown toenails. Some of the most common causes are a poor choice of footwear or suffering a minor foot injury like stubbing the toe. Although it is less common, people can be genetically predisposed to getting ingrown toenails.


However, this is just the tip of the iceberg; there are a number of other unique causes of ingrown toenails.


If you have any questions, comments, or concerns about the causes of ingrown toenails, don’t be afraid to get in contact with the experts at Bayview Medical.



Even the most careful of people can suffer from a slip or fall, especially in the winter months. Although many slips don’t lead to anything major, some unlucky people will end up twisting their ankles. This can lead to sprains or other serious injuries.


Although some of these injuries are unavoidable, there are a number of ways that a person can minimize the chances of twisting their ankle during the winter.

1. Be Sure to Wear The Correct Footwear

During the winter, it is extremely important that people wear the correct footwear. This will not only lower the chances of them twisting their ankle, but it will also keep their feet warm and dry.


The best footwear option for the winter months is a pair of boots. By wearing a pair of boots, the person will have traction and control when they walk. This will help them deal with ice that they accidentally step on.


A bonus tip is to wear moisture wicking socks. These amazing socks will help keep a person’s feet and ankles nice and dry. By wearing boots along with moisture wicking socks, anyone can have comfortable (and safe) ankles all winter long.

2. Apply Salt to Driveways and Walkways

Before leaving for work or school, people should always remember to apply some salt to their driveways or commonly used walkways. Salt has the ability to eat away at ice, causing it to melt.


When the person returns from work or school, they won’t have to worry about slipping on the ice. Applying salt will also keep anyone that comes to the person’s door safe from slipping, such as; postal workers, delivery people, maintenance workers, and more..

3. Always Pay Attention

The winter months are extremely unpredictable; the weather can easily change from a cool, dry day into an ice-cold snowstorm. After a heavy snowfall, a large amount of the ice will be covered up and hard to see.


People always need to have their wits about them while they are walking on the sidewalk. Be sure to avoid overly snowy walkways and look out for signs of salt on the ground.


If you have any questions, comments or concerns about our tips on how to prevent twisted ankles during the winter, don’t hesitate to get in contact with the podiatric experts at Bayview Medical.



Whether the person is an athlete or just an average joe, anyone is at risk of suffering from chronic heel pain. This annoying injury can cause minor, all the way up to major pain, depending on the condition of the heel.


There are a number of different things that cause chronic heel pain. Everyone ranging from weightlifters to grandparents should be aware of what causes chronic heel pain. Knowing these causes can help the person avoid them.


1. Plantar Fasciitis

One of the most common causes for chronic heel pain is plantar fasciitis. This condition causes a large amount of strain and inflammation to form around the tissue band that connects the heel to the toes.


Plantar fasciitis can cause an extreme amount of pain through the heel. Plantar fasciitis can be associated with heel spurs.


2. Achilles Tendonitis

Another common cause of chronic heel pain is Achilles tendonitis. This uncomfortable condition is similar to plantar fasciitis in the sense that it causes inflammation. However, instead of inflaming tissue bands, Achilles tendonitis causes the


Achilles tendon to become inflamed. The pain from Achilles tendonitis can range from annoying to severe. One usually gets Achilles tendonitis from over-using their feet or legs, making it a common issues for athletes that are constantly on their feet.


3. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Although it is less common than some of the other causes on the list, Tarsal tunnel syndrome can result in brutal chronic heel pain. This syndrome is caused when a nerve at the side of the ankle becomes pinched. This can cause pain in the heel; however, people have also felt pain in their toes and on the bottom on their feet.


Regardless if the person runs 5 miles a day or sits at a desk for 8 hours straight, everyone should know the causes of chronic heel pain. Some of the most common causes are plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis. However, it can also be caused by Tarsal tunnel syndrome and a number of other issues.

If you have any questions, comments or concerns about the causes of chronic heel pain, don’t hesitate to get in contact with the podiatric experts at Bayview Medical.


Feet are an incredibly important part of the body. They enable us to walk and move, and when they hurt, it’s hard to get around. There are a variety of different ailments that can impact feet, and one of them is a neuroma.

While this condition can happen to either men or women, it is more commonly found in women. A neuroma is a benign growth on nerve tissues, usually between the third and fourth toes, that causes pain, tingling, numbness, or a burning sensation in the ball of the foot or between the toes. Sometimes, it is referred to as a pinched nerve.


The exact cause of a neuroma is unknown, but there are several factors that may contribute to its development. These include flat feet or high-arched feet, which contribute to instability around the toe joints. Shoes that squeeze toes together or put pressure on the front part of the foot, such as heels taller than 2 inches, can lead to the development of a neuroma. An accident or trauma to this part of the foot that causes nerve damage can also result in a neuroma. Repeated stress may also lead to the formation of a neuroma.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Determining whether or not a neuroma has developed is best left to a podiatrist. However, it’s possible to find some relief in a variety of other ways until you have a confirmed diagnosis. These include the following:

  • Make sure shoes have room for toes to move so that they aren’t  squeezed together
  • Avoid shoes with heels that are over 2 inches tall since this puts pressure on the front part of the foot
  • Use a toe insert for added cushioning or make sure the soles of shoes are thick and cushioned to reduce pressure on the foot
  • Rest and massage the foot, and use an ice pack, to help alleviate some of the pain from a neuroma

If these measures don’t relieve the symptoms associated with a neuroma, there are some other methods that can be tried. These include the following:

  • Use tape or padding to relieve pressure on the front part of the foot
  • Take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and discomfort
  • Wear custom orthotics to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with this ailment

If none of these treatments work and a neuroma continues to make life miserable, it may require surgical intervention. Talk to a podiatrist as Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M, to determine the best course of treatment.


Both heat and ice are viable options when it comes to treating an injury, but knowing which one is appropriate for what type of injury is important. Below are some guidelines to help patients determine if ice or heat is best to treat a foot or ankle injury.

Ice Treatments

When it comes to an injury that causes swelling or is acute (this means the injury is recent or the pain or inflammation is intense), ice is usually the best treatment. It reduces swelling, inflammation, and pain.

Swelling and inflammation are vital parts of the healing process. However, if left untreated, swelling can cause further damage. For an injury that has occurred within the past 48 hours that has inflammation, icing is therefore important to aid healing.

There are a variety of different ice packs, including gel packs that can be bought at a drugstore. However, bags of ice or frozen vegetables can be just as effective. To apply an ice pack properly, follow the guidelines below.

  • Never place the ice pack directly on the skin. This can cause frostbite or other skin damage. Make sure there is a barrier such as a thin towel between the pack and the skin.
  • Never ice for longer than 15 to 20 minutes. Again, this can cause damage to the skin. It’s possible to ice more than once a day, but limit those times to 15 to 20 minutes each.
  • Remove the ice pack if it causes a tingling sensation or turns the skin bright red.

Heat Treatments

These treatments are often used for chronic conditions (injuries that are persistent or have been around for a long time). The heat promotes blood flow to the affected area and loosens stiff joints or tight muscles.

Using heat treatments effectively and safely is important to reduce burns and to ensure that joints or muscles are properly loosened to reduce pain. Items that can be used to apply heat include a towel that has been placed in the dryer, a heating pad (preferably with various heat settings), or bags that are filled with rice, wheat, or other ingredients that are heated in the microwave (be careful these don’t catch fire!).

Knowing whether to use heat or ice for foot and ankle injuries will depend on whether the pain comes from an acute injury or a chronic one. Talking to a podiatrist such as Sheldon Nadal, D.P.M., can help determine which treatment is best.